Cisco Training Classes in Elizabeth, New Jersey

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As part of our Java Tutorials program, we will list a number of interview questions to aid in a better understaing of Java and J2EE and, hopefully, provide a greater likelihood of getting a job.  Let us begin with the basics:

1. What is meant by J2EE?

J2EE is an abreviation for Java 2 Platform Enterprise Edition

2.  What is the purpose of J2EE?

The purpose of J2EE is to provide a component based platform in a multitier application model with transaction management, web services and reusable component support.

3.  What is the tier structure of the typical J2EE application?

A typical J2EE application consists of the following tiers/machines:  the client machine (browser/non-browser application), the J2EE server (an application server such as Oracle, JBoss, GlassFish, Tomcat) and a database.

The original article was posted by Michael Veksler on Quora

A very well known fact is that code is written once, but it is read many times. This means that a good developer, in any language, writes understandable code. Writing understandable code is not always easy, and takes practice. The difficult part, is that you read what you have just written and it makes perfect sense to you, but a year later you curse the idiot who wrote that code, without realizing it was you.

The best way to learn how to write readable code, is to collaborate with others. Other people will spot badly written code, faster than the author. There are plenty of open source projects, which you can start working on and learn from more experienced programmers.

Readability is a tricky thing, and involves several aspects:

  1. Never surprise the reader of your code, even if it will be you a year from now. For example, don’t call a function max() when sometimes it returns the minimum().
  2. Be consistent, and use the same conventions throughout your code. Not only the same naming conventions, and the same indentation, but also the same semantics. If, for example, most of your functions return a negative value for failure and a positive for success, then avoid writing functions that return false on failure.
  3. Write short functions, so that they fit your screen. I hate strict rules, since there are always exceptions, but from my experience you can almost always write functions short enough to fit your screen. Throughout my carrier I had only a few cases when writing short function was either impossible, or resulted in much worse code.
  4. Use descriptive names, unless this is one of those standard names, such as i or it in a loop. Don’t make the name too long, on one hand, but don’t make it cryptic on the other.
  5. Define function names by what they do, not by what they are used for or how they are implemented. If you name functions by what they do, then code will be much more readable, and much more reusable.
  6. Avoid global state as much as you can. Global variables, and sometimes attributes in an object, are difficult to reason about. It is difficult to understand why such global state changes, when it does, and requires a lot of debugging.
  7. As Donald Knuth wrote in one of his papers: “Early optimization is the root of all evil”. Meaning, write for readability first, optimize later.
  8. The opposite of the previous rule: if you have an alternative which has similar readability, but lower complexity, use it. Also, if you have a polynomial alternative to your exponential algorithm (when N > 10), you should use that.

Use standard library whenever it makes your code shorter; don’t implement everything yourself. External libraries are more problematic, and are both good and bad. With external libraries, such as boost, you can save a lot of work. You should really learn boost, with the added benefit that the c++ standard gets more and more form boost. The negative with boost is that it changes over time, and code that works today may break tomorrow. Also, if you try to combine a third-party library, which uses a specific version of boost, it may break with your current version of boost. This does not happen often, but it may.

Don’t blindly use C++ standard library without understanding what it does - learn it. You look at std::vector::push_back() documentation at it tells you that its complexity is O(1), amortized. What does that mean? How does it work? What are benefits and what are the costs? Same with std::map, and with std::unordered_map. Knowing the difference between these two maps, you’d know when to use each one of them.

Never call new or delete directly, use std::make_unique and [cost c++]std::make_shared[/code] instead. Try to implement usique_ptr, shared_ptr, weak_ptr yourself, in order to understand what they actually do. People do dumb things with these types, since they don’t understand what these pointers are.

Every time you look at a new class or function, in boost or in std, ask yourself “why is it done this way and not another?”. It will help you understand trade-offs in software development, and will help you use the right tool for your job. Don’t be afraid to peek into the source of boost and the std, and try to understand how it works. It will not be easy, at first, but you will learn a lot.

Know what complexity is, and how to calculate it. Avoid exponential and cubic complexity, unless you know your N is very low, and will always stay low.

Learn data-structures and algorithms, and know them. Many people think that it is simply a wasted time, since all data-structures are implemented in standard libraries, but this is not as simple as that. By understanding data-structures, you’d find it easier to pick the right library. Also, believe it or now, after 25 years since I learned data-structures, I still use this knowledge. Half a year ago I had to implemented a hash table, since I needed fast serialization capability which the available libraries did not provide. Now I am writing some sort of interval-btree, since using std::map, for the same purpose, turned up to be very very slow, and the performance bottleneck of my code.

Notice that you can’t just find interval-btree on Wikipedia, or stack-overflow. The closest thing you can find is Interval tree, but it has some performance drawbacks. So how can you implement an interval-btree, unless you know what a btree is and what an interval-tree is? I strongly suggest, again, that you learn and remember data-structures.

These are the most important things, which will make you a better programmer. The other things will follow.

Visual Studio .NET is one of many tools available at your disposal for web development. But where some programs may focus on HTML coding or graphics, Visual Studio .NET is a complete tool set that can be used to not only create XML web services and ASP web applications, but desktop and mobile applications as well. So what are some features that are included in the latest release?

·         Visual J#. This is most well-known by developers who are well-versed in the language of Java. It is best used when building services via the .NET framework, or when building applications.

·         Smart Device Applications. This enables you to generate, repair, and install applications that can be used on smart phones, PDAs, and other devices.

·         ASP.NET Mobile Design. Allows for building web applications for not only PDAs and mobile phones, but pagers as well. This also allows a designer to manipulate the mobile Web form of an application.

Communication is one of the main objectives that an organization needs to have in place to stay efficient and productive. A breakdown in accurate and efficient communication between departments at any point in the organization can result in conflict or loss of business.  Sadly, the efficiency between different departments in an organization becomes most evident when communication breaks down. As an example, David Grossman reported in “The Cost of Poor Communications” that a survey of 400 companies with 100,000 employees each cited an average loss per company of $62.4 million per year because of inadequate communication to and between employees.

With the dawning of the big-data era and the global competition that Machine Learning algorithms has sparked, it’s more vital than ever for companies of all sizes to prioritize departmental communication mishaps. Perhaps, today, as a result of the many emerging markets, the most essential of these connections are between IT and the business units. CMO’s and CIO’s are becoming natural partners in the sense that CMO’s, in order to capture revenue opportunities, are expected to master not just the art of strategy and creativity but also the science of analytics. The CIO, on the other hand, is accountable for using technical groundwork to enable and accelerate revenue growth. Since business and technology people speak very different languages, there’s a need on both sides to start sharing the vocabulary or understanding of what is expected in order to avoid gridlock.

In the McKinsey article, Getting the CMO and CIO to work as partners, the author speaks to five prerequisite steps that the CMO and the CIO can take in order to be successful in their new roles.

--- Be clear on decision governance
Teams should define when decisions are needed, what must be decided, and who is responsible for making them.

Tech Life in New Jersey

New Jersey has the highest population density in the U.S. With an average of 1,030 people per square mile, it?s thirteen times the national average. Given the amount of residents in the Garden State, it?s no wonder that there are 2,700 software and software related companies. Developers in New Jersey should be able to pave their way with the available resources in town such as, Zylog Systems, Mformation, Agilence, Db Technology, Senid Software International and so many other similar institutions.
It is possible to fly without motors, but not without knowledge and skill. ~ Wilbur and Orville Wright
other Learning Options
Software developers near Elizabeth have ample opportunities to meet like minded techie individuals, collaborate and expend their career choices by participating in Meet-Up Groups. The following is a list of Technology Groups in the area.
Fortune 500 and 1000 companies in New Jersey that offer opportunities for Cisco developers
Company Name City Industry Secondary Industry
HCB, Inc. Paramus Retail Office Supplies Stores
Wyndham Worldwide Corp. Parsippany Travel, Recreation and Leisure Hotels, Motels and Lodging
Realogy Corporation Parsippany Real Estate and Construction Real Estate Agents and Appraisers
Church and Dwight Co., Inc. Trenton Manufacturing Manufacturing Other
Curtiss-Wright Corporation Parsippany Manufacturing Aerospace and Defense
American Water Voorhees Energy and Utilities Water Treatment and Utilities
Cognizant Technology Solutions Corp. Teaneck Computers and Electronics IT and Network Services and Support
The Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Co. - AandP Montvale Retail Grocery and Specialty Food Stores
COVANCE INC. Princeton Healthcare, Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Pharmaceuticals
K. Hovnanian Companies, LLC. Red Bank Real Estate and Construction Architecture,Engineering and Design
Burlington Coat Factory Corporation Burlington Retail Clothing and Shoes Stores
GAF Materials Corporation Wayne Manufacturing Concrete, Glass, and Building Materials
Pinnacle Foods Group LLC Parsippany Manufacturing Food and Dairy Product Manufacturing and Packaging
Actavis, Inc Parsippany Healthcare, Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Pharmaceuticals
Hudson City Savings Bank Paramus Financial Services Banks
Celgene Corporation Summit Healthcare, Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Biotechnology
Cytec Industries Inc. Woodland Park Manufacturing Chemicals and Petrochemicals
Campbell Soup Company Camden Manufacturing Food and Dairy Product Manufacturing and Packaging
Covanta Holding Corporation Morristown Energy and Utilities Energy and Utilities Other
New Jersey Resources Corporation Wall Township Energy and Utilities Gas and Electric Utilities
Quest Diagnostics Incorporated Madison Healthcare, Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Diagnostic Laboratories
Rockwood Holdings Inc. Princeton Manufacturing Chemicals and Petrochemicals
Heartland Payment Systems, Incorporated Princeton Financial Services Credit Cards and Related Services
IDT Corporation Newark Telecommunications Wireless and Mobile
John Wiley and Sons, Inc Hoboken Media and Entertainment Newspapers, Books and Periodicals
Bed Bath and Beyond Union Retail Retail Other
The Children's Place Retail Stores, Inc. Secaucus Retail Clothing and Shoes Stores
Hertz Corporation Park Ridge Travel, Recreation and Leisure Rental Cars
Public Service Enterprise Group Incorporated Newark Energy and Utilities Gas and Electric Utilities
Selective Insurance Group, Incorporated Branchville Financial Services Insurance and Risk Management
Avis Budget Group, Inc. Parsippany Travel, Recreation and Leisure Rental Cars
Prudential Financial, Incorporated Newark Financial Services Insurance and Risk Management
Merck and Co., Inc. Whitehouse Station Healthcare, Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Pharmaceuticals
Honeywell International Inc. Morristown Manufacturing Aerospace and Defense
C. R. Bard, Incorporated New Providence Healthcare, Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Medical Supplies and Equipment
Sealed Air Corporation Elmwood Park Manufacturing Plastics and Rubber Manufacturing
The Dun and Bradstreet Corp. Short Hills Business Services Data and Records Management
The Chubb Corporation Warren Financial Services Insurance and Risk Management
Catalent Pharma Solutions Inc Somerset Healthcare, Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Healthcare, Pharmaceuticals, and Biotech Other
Becton, Dickinson and Company Franklin Lakes Healthcare, Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Medical Supplies and Equipment
NRG Energy, Incorporated Princeton Energy and Utilities Gas and Electric Utilities
TOYS R US, INC. Wayne Retail Department Stores
Johnson and Johnson New Brunswick Healthcare, Pharmaceuticals and Biotech Pharmaceuticals
Automatic Data Processing, Incorporated (ADP) Roseland Business Services HR and Recruiting Services

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the hartmann software group advantage
A successful career as a software developer or other IT professional requires a solid understanding of software development processes, design patterns, enterprise application architectures, web services, security, networking and much more. The progression from novice to expert can be a daunting endeavor; this is especially true when traversing the learning curve without expert guidance. A common experience is that too much time and money is wasted on a career plan or application due to misinformation.

The Hartmann Software Group understands these issues and addresses them and others during any training engagement. Although no IT educational institution can guarantee career or application development success, HSG can get you closer to your goals at a far faster rate than self paced learning and, arguably, than the competition. Here are the reasons why we are so successful at teaching:

  • Learn from the experts.
    1. We have provided software development and other IT related training to many major corporations in New Jersey since 2002.
    2. Our educators have years of consulting and training experience; moreover, we require each trainer to have cross-discipline expertise i.e. be Java and .NET experts so that you get a broad understanding of how industry wide experts work and think.
  • Discover tips and tricks about Cisco programming
  • Get your questions answered by easy to follow, organized Cisco experts
  • Get up to speed with vital Cisco programming tools
  • Save on travel expenses by learning right from your desk or home office. Enroll in an online instructor led class. Nearly all of our classes are offered in this way.
  • Prepare to hit the ground running for a new job or a new position
  • See the big picture and have the instructor fill in the gaps
  • We teach with sophisticated learning tools and provide excellent supporting course material
  • Books and course material are provided in advance
  • Get a book of your choice from the HSG Store as a gift from us when you register for a class
  • Gain a lot of practical skills in a short amount of time
  • We teach what we know…software
  • We care…
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